Pongal 2022: Date, history, significance, celebrations of the harvest festival
. Pongal 2022 All you want to know about the significance, history and legends associated with the crop jubilee of South India.
Pongal 2022 Pongal, the four- day crop jubilee celebrated in South India, especially Tamil Nadu, will be celebrated with great enthusiasm from January 14-17 this time. Celebrated inmid-January every time, it also marks the morning of Uttarayan- sun’s trip towards north and end of downtime season. Pongal is celebrated around the same time as other crop carnivals of India like Makar Sankranti, Lohri and Magh Bihu.
Pongal significance and fests
The fests begin on the first day with Bhogi Pongal as fresh crop of rice, sugarcane, turmeric is brought from the fields. Old and useless domestic papers are discarded and are burnt along with cow feces as part of the ritual of Bhogi Mantalu which also signifies new onsets.
The alternate day of the jubilee, also known as Surya Pongal or Thai Pongal, is devoted to the Sun God and is also the first day of the Tamil month Thai. On this day women wake up beforehand in the morning, clean their houses and embellish homes with beautiful kolam designs. On this day, the lately gathered rice is boiled in pots along with milk and jaggery till they overflow and slip. The form captures the substance of the word Pongal which means to boil or overflow. The Sun God is offered this cate before it’s served to the family members on banana leaves.
The third day of Pongal is called Mattu Pongal where Lord Ganesha and Parvati are worshipped and Pongal is offered to them. The word mattu means bull and on this day, cattle are bathed, their cornucopias are painted and covered with shining essence caps. They’re also decorated with flower libraries and bells.
The fourth and final day of Pongal is called Kaanum Pongal which is also considered an auspicious day to start new bonds and connections.
Legends say that Pongal festivity date back to Sangam age (200BC-200AD) and has plant citation in puranas. According to one of the legends associated with Pongal, Lord Shiva had a bull called Basava who he transferred on earth to spread the communication that humans should have canvas massage and bath every day and eat formerly a month. Basava rather told humans to do the contrary- eat every day and take an canvas bath once a month. Penalized by Lord Shiva, Basava was transferred to earth to help humans by ploughing their field and meet their diurnal food conditions. This is how cattle came to be associated with Pongal.